Good stuff, as always.
Scripting for another artist always presents a unique set of challenges. You might be working with an old buddy who'll call you up to hash out anything that needs clarification, or can be paced differently, or staged differently, or any number of little things that you can change without insulting each other. Or you might be working with each other for the first time, in which case you don't know whether to tread lightly or just stomp all over your collaborator's suggestions. Or you might have no idea who's going to be drawing your story until it sees print, and you'll just have to keep your fingers crossed and hope for the best.
Generally speaking, I think it's best to leave as much as possible up to the artist, with the assumption that he'll get in contact with you if he's got any questions about the script, plotting or pacing. If you're working with someone who's been drawing professionally for more than a decade, chances are that he doesn't need you to tell him anything about page layout or how to fit two talking heads into a single panel, or other equally challenging aspects of comic storytelling.
Yeah...my policy, even when writing for myself, is to include no visual directions in the script. After all, Shakespeare got away with it. And I find that there's no way I can anticipate what the scene will need, visually, until I've hashed out all the thumbnails during the art phase. Until that point, I'd just be shooting in the dark.
Every freaking time I work with an inexperienced writer, I get the inevitable "wanting two emotions and three actions in a single panel" trick. STOP IT. STOP. STOP. NO. GO AWAY.
It's extra offensive when you write comics as well as draw them to see somebody get lost in screenplay land.
Shouldn't be a school for the beginner comics? Sure it's best if each writer has his own style but then many beginners don't know where to draw the line between what's comic writing and what's not. You guys would make some great teachers. Remember, the comics that sell are always the best comics.
Bothwill - blair rewards encore marketing
I thumbnail everything before writing a script, so I do have some idea of what it'll look like as a comic. But I still generally avoid detailed visual descriptions unless I know exactly what I want and I absolutely don't want the artist to do anything different. Usually, the artist knows best.
And if he doesn't, it's time to sic Alex Toth on his ass!
Alex's ghost would make a rockin' Scooby Doo villain.
2007-03-31 12:18 am (UTC)
[*spurts soda out nose*]
Brilliant. Spot. On. Thank you.
I've been thinking about putting together a little pamphlet along these lines, but you're funnier than I am.
I may do it anyway and quote you copiously.
See, this is why I like to give purvision
my scripts for the once-over before I hand them over... so I don't make a complete fool of myself.
I write full-script, but I like to always make it clear to the artist that it's as much, if not more, for ME than it is for them. It's the only way I know how to do it and helps me get a handle on things like space and the laws of physics (ie, how much will physically fit on a page). Just about everything is up for discussion -- there ARE always one or two things that I get really attached to, and I'll go to bat for them if need be, but most of the time it's "this is how I worked it out, lemme know what you think and please tell me why."
I find that I reap the most benefits from this approach. I've worked with quite a few people who know their stuff now, and I always, ALWAYS learn some really cool visual storytelling trick that I can put in the toolkit for later. They'll come up with something and I'll go, "fuck JEAH!!" because it's always better.
This is actually something I feel really passionate about -- the whole "I'm the writer and you must do what I say" bullshit. I talk about it a little bit in this interview/rountable thingy here
:"SCHEHERAZADE wouldn’t be what it is without Boorman; working with him is a pleasure and I trust him implicitly. I’ve noticed, on message boards and whatnot, that many fledgling writers are hesitant to give up control. I think that’s misguided. Working with an artist, rather than acting the control freak, is an infinitely better way to go. Find someone suited to your story whose skills you trust and who you can communicate with, than trust them to do what they do. That’s not to say that you shouldn’t take an active role in the process (far from it), but an artist — a good artist — knows things that you, as a beginning writer, can never know because you probably don’t sit around thinking about the mechanics of visual storytelling all day. They can help you, and you can learn a lot from them. Turn it into a discussion. A — dare I say it? — collaboration.
Like any relationship, it’s about respect on both sides. The relationship part of making a comic is one of the most enjoyable parts of the process for me. And then there’s getting back all those gorgeous pages…"
This post is really helpful, thank you.
"This is actually something I feel really passionate about -- the whole "I'm the writer and you must do what I say" bullshit."
I'll admit to extreme cynicism on this front. I just think it's bad policy to bully the artist. People do their best work when they're happy and feel involved. Making them feel like a tiny cog who exists only to further your vision is bad psychology.
(I'll demure to almost anything an artist requests, and try to leave a lot of space for artist interpretation. But if I ask for a specific shot, of course I think I'm right. That's why I wrote it. I just don't think it'll generally help the work to go to war over most things, and take a joy in seeing alternative approaches to the same narrative problem.)
Of course, it shows how conflicted I am on this blatant mind-gamery that I'm happy to confess it.
(Regarding the main post - obviously, all right. But I think anyone who does extravagant page descriptions of panel-space and angles without thumbnailing or other form of planning is being stupid. The most damning criticism of the position is... well, the best Artist/Writer comics ever have all been done with the Writer taking more of the artist's job than the post would allow. Which says something...)
Choosing a Writer is often like choosing a lifepartner, it's very difficult to find the right one and you probably stick with someone longer than you should because it's become so easy.
This is good stuff and all writers should be forced to read it ( at gunpoint )
Having said that though, the pages I'm most proud of were the difficult ones. John Wagner JUDGE DREDD is never an easy job, but at the end you seem to arrive at something that looks exactly like a John Wagner JUDGE DREDD story. Some writers do push you and that can be a good thing.
2007-04-01 09:36 am (UTC)
GDB tight Dell scripts not written in stone
"the most preferable -- solution is for the writer to MIND HIS OWN BUSINESS and limit his writing to plotting, characterization, and dialogue, leaving any visual narrative to trained professionals"
Ideally, a writer's skills INCLUDE visualizing each panel. As a prose write paints word pictures, so a script writer gives stage directions. You make much of comparison to film, and why that doesn't work. Caniff said that his work as an actor in a repertory company in his early 20s involved staging, and that it translated very well to designing panels and sequential narrative. Shakespear included stage directions. However a comics scripter comes by his visualizations for each panel, if they don't work, then that is on HIM, not on scripters as a tribe, nor on scripting as a craft.
Gaylord Du Bois describes how he writes comics scripts...
"I think up the best plot (or plots) I can, and write the plot details out in longhand. I go over it, visualizing each picture that is to be drawn by the artist. I mark off my longhand rough story in pages. Then I start writing. Each panel: FIRST I DESCRIBE THE PICTURE THE ARTIST IS TO DRAW, IN DETAIL, WHICH INCLUDES COLOR, ACTION, EXPRESSION, BACKGROUND, ANGLE OF VIEW, etc. Then I write out the dialogue for balloons, and finally I write the caption or narrative line.
I have nothing to do with choosing the artist, as he is chosen by the Art Editor.
THE ARTIST IS FREE TO USE OR NOT TO USE MY INSTRUCTIONS FOR EACH PANEL. SOMETIMES HE CHANGES THE PICTURE I DESCRIBED, TO SUIT HIS OWN IDEA or that of the Art Editor. USUALLY, THOUGH, THE ART DEPARTMENT FOLLOWS MY SCRIPT FAIRLY CLOSELY.
The Script Editor reviews and approves or changes the dialogue and the captions I have written; usually the changes are few and minor"
Jesse Hamm sez:
"Unfortunately, in comics, most writers have greater authority than most artists, so the artist isn't often in the position to ignore directions in the script."
Well, not in the case of Whitman, apparently.
"And the writer tends to see every word of his script (not just the dialogue) as "my baby," so to ignore any of it is to insult His Artistry -- even if what you're ignoring is some pedestrian visual idea he included without planning or reflection. Now, most writers are willing to "compromise" by letting you depart occasionally from their visual direction, but even then they'll keep score, and if you stray too often they'll throw your past departures in your face. In essence, every time you ignore a writer's direction, you're borrowing a cup of sugar. You may be safe the first few times, but eventually the writer will put his foot down. "I think I've been flexible QUITE ENOUGH with you, Buster." And then you're sunk."
"is to insult His Artistry"?
"Most writers ... keep score"?
Jesse, are saying that's the kind of writer YOU are going to be, once your scripts get assigned to other artists? Or are you just venting wrt your own experiences as a free-lance illustrator? What about when you achieve Alex Toth -like status as an illustrator? Will you be more charitable in your attitude toward scripters, then? Will scripters fear you, and say, "Feel free to improvise." GDB did his job with diligence, and once the script left his hands, he was done; on to the NEXT script. He didn't have time to worry about how the comic turned out. That was the editor's job, to worry about how the comic turned out. GDB wrote the script, and was done with his end of the job. But he was a hard worker who was diligent about providing as complete a script, including all "stage direction," as possible. It wasn't his job to worry about whether the artist took his direction. He was aware of it, as his words indicate, but according to him, artist deviation from his panel instructions was rare.
I like your pictures: Jan Panel 4 "in comic terms" She is squishing her butt against her own butt in the next panel. Ha hah! It looks funny!
2007-04-02 07:09 am (UTC)
Re: GDB tight Dell scripts not written in stone
"Ideally, a writer's skills INCLUDE visualizing each panel."
To some extent. But there are some things that are impossible to anticipate until you've wrestled with drawing the sequence on paper. Like doing your taxes -- you may have a rough idea of what you made and what you owe, but some facts won't emerge until you've actually done all the math.
"Gaylord Du Bois describes how he writes comics scripts..."
Or how he wrote comics scripts, when he was active decades ago. The industry is much more competitive and celebrity-oriented now. Things were surely more pleasant when writers weren't hyper-concerned with how artists interpreted their stories. On the other hand, in defense of today's writers, they have much less job security than guys like Du Bois had, so it may behoove them to micromanage the art somewhat.
"Jesse, are saying that's the kind of writer YOU are going to be, once your scripts get assigned to other artists?"
Nope; quite the opposite.
I've been doing a webcomic for three-and-a-bit years now, the first two on my own as writer and artist, the remaining time just as artist, since I brought my then-girlfriend, now-wife onboard as writer. And it's a learning curve. It always was a learning curve, it still is. It probably will be for as long as we carry on, or, at least, the day I cease to feel like I'm learning or improving should be the day I start doing something else.
The fun part for me of doing it was that the first strip is pretty much the first comic page I ever put together -- so my entire workspan, mistakes and all, are up on the archives. Which is kind of daunting when I realise anyone reading from the beginning might think it's a load of wank and stop reading, but it's also reassuring in that anyone reading from the beginning will see a marked improvement over time.
I think part of the big problem with switching from writing my own to drawing someone else's scripts involves a lot of what you're talking about in this post -- my wife isn't an artist herself, and hasn't even read that many comic books to know what works. The process mostly involves her handing me scripts and then me going through and telling her what doesn't work, and why; and then her sulking for a bit; and then both of us working out some sort of compromise that lets me have some creativity while also not having me piss all over what she's written.
The biggest problem I've found is with dialogue: there's almost always too bloody much of it, or two or three emotional beats in the same panel. And I don't know if this is a common problem, but it's almost impossible to get a silent/minimalist panel except in the most 'big dramatic moment' shots.
Though having said all that, which - as usual - makes it sound like I'm bitching about her work, Mary's actually improved wonderfully as a writer since she first started writing scripts. At first she was incredibly protective of every last word she wrote, including random visual directions that drove me crazy, especially when I couldn't convince her that visual cliches look lazy when used badly and derivative when used well. But to be fair, since I'd just stopped writing scripts, I was a dick myself about trying to have huge control over things. Even to the point where I'd zealously defend artistic decisions that either had no thought behind them or, even worse, were made purely out of artistic laziness.
Anyway, enough rambling: bottom line is, I really like this post. It's got a lot of the things I learned the hard way, and a lot more things I hadn't even thought of. Definitely a keeper.
Thanks for the feedback. Sounds like yours is an ideal situation, in which there's genuine collaboration occurring.
I think a problem mainstream artists face is that they're working "with" writers who don't know them and who frankly don't care to hear from them. It's like,"I finished writing this story, it's perfectly fine, I got paid for it, and any more time I spend thinking about it is a money-loss." They won't earn any extra by discussing it further with the artist, and if he's pointing out problems with how they've visualized it, they only stand to lose face. The only possible benefit they could gain from letting the artist make corrections is that the story may read better... but unless readers have been astute enough to identify glitches in the visual narrative, such improvements won't seem urgent enough to risk losses of time and ego. And few readers pick up on glitches in visual narrative; those flaws tend to affect us on a subconscious level. So the writer thinks: if it ain't broke, why fix it?
It's a much more fruitful process when both creators are willing to discuss changes, which it sounds like you two are.
2007-04-02 02:28 pm (UTC)
Wow, not much credit for writers here . . .
This article seems to assume that writers are incapable of thinking visually and sequentially and that, conversely, artists are infallible.
Neither is always true.
I've worked with maybe two infallible artists in my life. And I know -- and they know -- when they get my scripts, my job is to tell the story their job is to make it look pretty. And they always do. Some things change, some things don't . . . and it's always great. Unless it isn't. And then I tell them.
I've also worked with a number of artists who are inexperienced and cannot yet tell a story. So as someone who has worked hard to learn to think visually and sequentially (or I wouldn't be working in comics; and just because I can't draw doesn't mean I can't think on that level) I hold their hand.
And numerous artists in between. So, when working with a new artist, I write scripts that are detailed with what I want to see when telling the story . . . and I also actually try taking the time to get to know the artist to find out their strengths and weaknesses so I'm not just sending a script to a faceless schlub, I'm sending it to someone who will feel comfortable communicating with me when they have a problem.
Because sometimes . . . sometimes . . . the writer may know what they're talking about and have a reason for doing it the way they wrote it.
This is really a cynical view of the artist/writer relationship. A great man once said -- was it Dr. Phil? -- communcation is hte key to a good relationship.
Here's a third option: quit complaining and find a mature writer who's open to artistic input from, you know, an artist . . . or just try enjoying yourself with the challenge and thank your lucky stars that unlike so many other people out there, you get paid to do what you love.
~ Ben Avery
2007-04-03 12:13 am (UTC)
Re: Wow, not much credit for writers here . . .
The problem I attempted to describe isn't really a class problem -- "Writers vs Artists" -- but a task problem. The person with the task of writing a comic, and the person with the task of drawing it, will necessarily have different preoccupations and blind-spots -- even if it is the same person.
For instance, I have written scripts for myself that turn out not to work visually. I only make this discovery after putting on my artist hat and getting up to my elbows in the work of actually thumbnailing and laying out the art. It's not that writers as a class are visually illiterate (though many of them try desperately to prove as much), it's that visual storytelling is too complex a process for any writer (myself included) to anticipate any problems without diagramming everything beforehand.
That's why I proposed my two solutions: the writer should either be open to the idea of an artist altering his stage directions when necessary, or he should work out the thumbnails himself to insure that the stage directions will actually work. (I should add that the first solution is ideal when working with experienced artists, while the second is ideal when working with inexperienced artists.)
The trouble comes when a writer assumes that stage directions can be worked out in one's head, and then chafes when the artist discovers numerous problems which challenge that assumption. Thankfully, you're not one of those writers, and I'm hoping my post will encourage other writers to be more open to artists' input.
2007-04-02 08:56 pm (UTC)
Good points, Jesse! I often speak to my Kubert School students about the differences as well as the similarities in comics and film storytelling.
Thanks Alec. Good to hear from you!
2007-04-03 03:00 am (UTC)
what we really need is Archie Goodwin!
On balance, I think that a number of writers, especially the better and more accomplished ones who *have* developed excellent senses for visual storytelling. It's a Rare writer who can pull off the Harvey Kurtzman method of script-with-thumbnails really effectively. On the other hand, it's often a mark of an inexperienced artist who varys from the script too quickly because they don't yet have the skills to bring off a complex idea.
This is a very different thing from a script-note which says, "Footsteps heard off-panel."
There is an overall tension between the writer, who depends on the artist to realize the vision, and an artist, trying to realize a vision within the confines of a script which by its nature isn't fully self-sufficient.
One of the things that's missing somewhat in comics, is excellent editing. It's an uncommon editor who has a really thorough grasp of page-mechanics. One who reads a script a second time through with an artist's eye. So when the artist phones him up and says, "Page seventeen is going to be near impossible the way it reads now," the editor can say,"Yeah, I saw that and I've been talking to the writer about how we fix it, any ideas?"
Others above have mentioned good communication between artist and writer, and that's absolutely true. Also, though, a good editor can really make a world of difference.
2007-04-03 05:57 am (UTC)
Waid rebuttal, part one:
Wow. If you could just re-write that entire post to strip the angry-asshole snark out of it, I'd congratulate you on its insight and usefulness because there's a great deal here that I agree with and that needs to be heard.
Instead, the tone of it all makes me want to settle for punching you in the face.
Since this is probably our only chance ever to actually interact on any creative matter whatsoever--what with me and every other good writer I can imagine taking offense at your elitist, and highly unearned, smug-ass attitude, and all--let's take an opportunity to walk through your rant and clear up some of your misconceptions, shall we?
"along comes a comment like this: Panel 4: We see Jan in close-up, over Gary's left shoulder. Presumably, that image happened to pop into the writer's head at that stage in his writing -- and, against all common sense, against all the rules of decency, against every civilized fiber of his being, he wrote it into the script."
First: Lighten. The fuck. Up.
If your gripe is with writers who ask for things that CAN'T be drawn, I am more in your camp than you could possibly know unless you've taken one of my classes or listened to one of my lectures or were edited by me. Writers who ask for things that CAN'T be imagined, much less put to paper ("Panel One: Establishing shot, the Grand Canyon. A man in a straw hat leans over the edge to take a photo. On the bottom of the canyon is a burro about to step on a yellow daisy"), are, absolutely, a blight on the community and earn from me a more volcanic ire than even you have demonstrated. Yes, that kind of crap is a crime. Yes, writers who routinely ask for impossible visuals ("Panel thirteen: A Presidential motorcade of nine cars comes down the street. Be sure to include a boy in a dinosaur t-shirt in the onlooking crowd") should go work at Burger King and leave artists alone.
On the OTHER hand, suggesting camera angles or illuminating bits of stage business are NOT High Crimes, nor have they ever been perceived as such by any of the roughly NINE THOUSAND artists I've worked with in my career. Here's a thought: instead of trying to pass your own personal demons off as if they're some sort of Universally Recognized Sin, how about instead spending that energy improving your own communication skills so you don't come off as a bitter who-the-fuck-IS-this-guy?
As a writer, my first and foremost task is to COMMUNICATE MY IDEAS with the primary tool at my disposal: words. That means, as I was taught by every good editor you ever heard of including Saint Goodwin, that art directions in scripts are put there to help the writer express himself to the penciller so that, AS YOU COLLABORATE--note that I did not say "as the writer gives dictation," but AS YOU COLLABORATE--he's CLEAR on what the writer's ASKING for. Not "demanding"--ASKING for. And if you'd just put your fucking ego or hurt feelings aside for a split-second, you might have to acknowledge that a writer's attempt at making himself as clear as possible is not necessarily a personal assault on your capabilities. It is, in fact, what we should all be striving for.
Yes, there are writers who cram too much information into their scripts. There are, conversely, also writers who don't give artists enough information to do their job. Upon reading and re-reading your screed, it would seem to me that your problem isn't really with what you're being asked to draw; it's with writers who aren't flexible or collaborative enough to hear you out when you say--as is not only your right but is your OBLIGATION TO THE STORY--that something doesn't work. The latter is unpardonable, absolutely. The former (what you're being ASKED to draw) comes--sorry, princess--part and parcel with the collaborative process. More on this in a moment.
"Unfortunately, in comics, most writers have greater authority than most artists..."
In WHAT? FUCKING? UNIVERSE is this true? Thank you for this statement; as I repeat it to comics pros in the years to come--and oh, I will--it will provide boundless laughter. Let me define "authority" to you:
2007-04-03 01:47 pm (UTC)
Re: Waid rebuttal, part one:
// OBLIGATION TO THE STORY //
See, that's what I'm talkin' about.
For the love of god and the responsibility to narrative, everyone put their egos in the goddamned closet for two seconds.
And yes, I do mean everyone!
2007-04-03 05:59 am (UTC)
Waid rebuttal, part two:
Number of times I, or any writer I have EVER spoken to about this, has EVER been able to talk an editor into having an artist redraw something for any reason whatsoever, even when it makes the story better or clearer, even when it's because an otherwise-excellent artist has inadvertently misunderstood (your fault) or bungled (their fault) something: six, maybe seven.
Number of times I, or any writer I have EVER, EVER spoken to about this, has pleaded for a correction on something that's inarguably the artist's error only to have the editor ask the writer to "fix it in dialogue" because there's no time to redraw, because it's easier for the writer to make an adjustment, or because your timid editor is afraid of pissing off the artist: without one ounce of exaggeration, at least once a month for twenty years and counting.
Tell me again how much power the writers have.
"the artist isn't often in the position to ignore directions in the script."
Well, not without TALKING IT OUT with either the writer or the editor first, no, but again, why are you so goddamned intent on making this a war instead of a collaboration? I honestly don't know any writer worth a damn--or, for that matter, personally know of any writers even not worth a damn--who mind having their art cues reinterpreted if the artist can make the visuals better and still gets the story across without penalty. Not a one. Honestly.
Any given piece of work is not "my" story. It is OUR story. But the price of a decent, productive collaboration is that each party needs to be free to express himself to the other. My job is not limited strictly to plotting and dialogue any more than yours is limited strictly to draftsmanship and design. We're in this together. Stop regimenting the roles and trying to pass it off as wisdom because you're in a pissy mood.
"And the writer tends to see every word of his script (not just the dialogue) as 'my baby,' so to ignore any of it is to insult His Artistry -- "
If this is really, genuinely a recurring problem for you, then you have a unique gift for attracting a very, very small percentage of working writers, because this is a generalization that simply washes out to nothingness when you cast it across the entire medium. It speaks far more to your bad luck or inexperience than it does to reality. Yes, some writers are dicks. So are some artists. Stop working with dicks.
"--even if what you're ignoring is some pedestrian visual idea he included without planning or reflection."
Yeah, you know what? It IS an insult to "ignore" it because--contrary to what you've made your inexperienced mind up to represent "the truth"--every once in a while, gawrsh, us dumb, hick, know-nothing writers actually DO think about what we-all put on the page. It's NOT an insult to question a writer or even grill him about his intent--but it's every BIT as much of an insult to unilaterally ignore his work WITHOUT speaking up first as it is an insult to YOU if, say, an inker or production guy "ignores" something you've pencilled and elects on his own to scrub it.
(Assuming there is an editor in the mix, by the way, it's also an insult to him to alter or ignore the script without the courtesy of flagging it, because he's the one who originally said of the script, "Okay, I like this, as it is, enough to send it to an artist." Just saying.)
2007-04-06 03:11 am (UTC)
Re: Waid rebuttal, part two:
So I've drawn all of twelve pages with you, and Ross Richie asked for I think three corrections because he gave me the impression the great Waid wanted them, yeah I screwed up in two but you didn't dialogue to 'fix em and I think my original drawing was better then what you wanted in one of the changes. And your telling everyone that's fifty percent of the changes you've gotten in your career ever? Over 12 lousy pages in two little monster anthologies? Man are you are one wimpy superstar.
I've actually liked most of the writers I've worked with because I always thought it was a collaboration. The sucky scripts have always been from people who didn't want to collaborate and thought they were Alan Moore, I've always felt if you think your shit is to good to change maybe your shit stinks an awful lot.
And for the record Waid's scripts (when he didn't know I was drawing it) were pretty easy to draw from.
2007-04-03 06:00 am (UTC)
Waid rebuttal, part three:
"The first -- and by far the most preferable -- solution is for the writer to MIND HIS OWN BUSINESS and limit his writing to plotting, characterization, and dialogue, leaving any visual narrative to trained professionals who will actually think it through."
Great. Great idea. I actually agree in principle. Unfortunately, writing as you are from such a staggeringly myopic viewpoint, you ignore a very harsh reality: Jim Lee-wannabes, as well as guys who are employed but are still learning basic craft, outnumber "trained professionals who will actually think it through" about THIRTY TO ONE. Maybe forty. I wish that weren't the case, I'm sad that it is, but it's absolutely true. In my career, I have been fortunate enough to work with some of the very best storytellers in the medium. I have also worked with, in pretty equal numbers, "artists" who are complete fucking chimpanzees and need their hands held on a PANEL-TO-PANEL BASIS. Monkeys who are incapable of doing ANY sort of even basic storytelling because all they can draw are steroid heroes and strippers and have, apparently, never seen a telephone, a newspaper, or the St. Louis Arch, just to pick at random three things that I have seen my artists fuck up JUST THIS MONTH ALONE.
Here's something else you've overlooking: as an artist working off a writer's script, you automatically come to the storytelling process with more information than the writer does--because there's every chance the writer has written his script having no CLUE who his artist will be or what his capabilities are. Romita, Jr. or Sr.: genius. Kuberts all: geniuses. Wieringo, Kitson, Templeton, Hitch, Perez, I could go on, etc., etc.: geniuses all, etc.. The kind of guys who can be handed a script containing a very bare minimum of art direction because they Get It. But it would be stupid or irresponsible or creatively suicidal--or all three--of a writer to give that same sort of direction-sparse script to Joe New Guy if there's no pre-existing foundation for trust there--trust that you're creatively on the same wavelength and telling the same story (which, I reiterate, is neither the writer's nor the artist's but rather both). As a writer, you'd better BELIEVE I'd rather run the risk of giving you too much information than not enough, because only one will make the story WORSE.
"Suggestions are always welcome ("I'm picturing a close-up, here, but do what you think best"), but the astute writer will remember that the artist is juggling countless details that are beyond the writer's purview, and will allow that process to happen unhindered."
See? This is what happens once you work through all your personal snits and get past them to the core of your argument: you start being listenable. From this point on, this is by and large a very good series of well-stated and invaluable observations. Tragically, they're coming from the keyboard of an artist who seems so intent on drawing lines in the sand that no writer in his right mind would have any interest in working with him. As others here have pointed out, "There are really only two workable solutions to the problem of visual direction" is bullshit because it ignores the third and most vital-to-the-process solution: you can pick up the goddamned phone and act like a collaborator.
Nice essay. You sound talented and smart. You might want to rethink the attitude.
Heavens to Murgatroid, Mark.
You hate-bombed my playfully snarky post with the proverbial fuckword after fuckword, along with an "asshole," an expressed desire to punch my face, and a promise to blacklist me... and then you finish by inviting me to rethink my attitude? Was that the sort of open-minded humility with which most writers respond to correction, in your experience?
My post was polemical, yes. But my overreaction to that first innocuous piece of stage direction should have clued you in that my crits were tongue-in-cheek. Do I really believe it violates all the rules of decency to depict Jan from over Gary's left shoulder? If I wanted writers to look bad, wouldn't I have stacked the deck in my favor at the outset with a more egregious example? Is it possible I was lampooning the extreme tone of voice I playfully adopted, alerting readers that What Follows Is Hyperbole?
If any of the above questions are hard to answer, perhaps I should re-write my entire post to strip the snark out of it. But that would be as boring as if you had refrained from calling me "princess." Surely there's room on the 'net for a good poke in the ribs now and then, especially when challenging widespread assumptions. A polite "perhaps one should..." is too often ignored.
I've already said this repeatedly, but the offended "we writers" tone of your post suggests I need to reiterate it:
The problem I attempted to describe isn't really a class problem -- "Writers vs Artists" -- but a task problem. The person with the task of writing a comic, and the person with the task of drawing it, will necessarily have different preoccupations and blind-spots -- even if it is the same person. I have written scripts for myself that turn out not to work visually, but I only make this discovery after putting on my "artist" hat and getting up to my elbows in the work of actually thumbnailing and laying out the art. It's not that writers as a class are visually illiterate, it's that visual storytelling is too complex a process for any writer (myself included) to anticipate any problems without diagramming everything beforehand.
This is really useful stuff, and more so because it made me laugh. I've only written scripts for short comics that appeared in roleplaying game books, but hope to do more, and have been hunting around in a low-keyed way for practical advice that helps me not try to be the 1986-vintage Alan Moore. Thank you!
"and more so because it made me laugh."
Now that's what I'm talkin' about! (Far be it from me to discourage anyone from being the 1986-vintage Alan Moore, though.)
For more on visual storytelling, check out David Mamet's ON DIRECTING FILM, and Steven Katz's SHOT BY SHOT.
2007-04-03 03:11 pm (UTC)
Your hypothetical artist took a potentially bad situation and made it real. First off, he could have followed the writer's directions--"Same size panel, same angle, same pose. Jan is reaching off-panel into the crib."--and still put a little distance between the character's ass and the panel border.
Solution's not perfect, but it doesn't add to the problem. It tries to alleviate it, and is noticeably better than the artist's first attempt, IMHO. (In fact, additional separation between the two figures could easily be achieved by showing more of the crib, perhaps including the headboard, for instance.)
Second, the artist could have followed the writer's directions and started with the "camera" a little further from the action and then moved in to emphasize the action of reaching in. Now there's no problem at all, and the tension is increased.
Notice: Same size panel, same angle, same pose. No, the *figures" are not he same size, but strictly speaking, the artist is still following the writer's directions and, more importantly, he's using his head.
Or, if you don't like the trickiness of that solution, simply keep your "camera" back from the action a bit during the entire incident:
Yeah, yeah, maybe, *MAYBE* there's still the minor "problem" of the gaze, but show part of the headboard to the crib, and most readers aren't going to notice any problem at all.
In conclusion, despite the directions in the script, there's no reason (other than incompetence) for the artist in your example to have made it look like the character is performing a cavity search on herself. There's always wiggle room to make things better.
There's always some wiggle room (which I didn't exploit here, in order to keep the example clear), but if the writer hadn't given precise visual direction to begin with, there would be a lot MORE wiggle room, and more options for the artist to explore. It's hard enough to tell a story well without poor visual direction to work around. The ideal script allows the (experienced) artist maximum liberty.
Regarding your first suggested image, perhaps the artist prefers to crop Jan's butt, to deemphasize her sexiness? Maybe he's going for a sisterly quality that her physique and costume tend to preclude. Or, maybe he wants the center of the panel to zero in on the phone in the distance, or on the intimate connection Jan feels with the baby, which cropping on the right would emphasize. Plus, we still have a vague impression here that Jan is goosing herself. Showing more of the crib would help, but the writer has specified that we only "glimpse the bars."
Regarding your second example, "same angle" usually refers to distance as well. (One reason I prefer the term "station point" to "angle" -- less ambiguous. Too bad most people are more familiar with "angle," or "camera angle.") Plus, in addition to the first example's problems, the zoom-in on Jan here could break up a continuity the artist was trying to establish, or read more intimacy into her movement, striking a too-sentimental note.
In your third version, the problems of the first version remain, and our chances of seeing the phone clearly to the left of Jan diminish. If there'll be dialogue, we can't include much of it in front of her; some of it could end up behind her butt, as though she's sitting on a wordy bean-bag. There's also a lot of dead space behind her, drawing undue attention. If we place the phone back there, that could draw undue attention as well, and establish a line of action that could be problematic elsewhere in the story.
Etcetera. Your versions are still more attractive than my extreme example, but the simplest solution would be for the writer to add a proviso that the artist do what seems best, or to thumbnail it out and fix such problems at the outset.
2007-04-03 03:28 pm (UTC)
Something else to consider
Another thing about writers -- generally speaking, it's "their story" . . .
Making them much more "controlling" or protective.
That needs to be taken into account and considered compassionately by the artists.
2007-04-04 07:32 pm (UTC)
Re: Something else to consider
If it's "their story", they should publish it as a short story. If you're writing for comic books, even if you want to argue that it's "your" story, you are not the only one telling it.
I've had this same argument with screenplay writers; if you want to split hairs and say that because you originated the story, it's your story, that's fine, but you're certainly not the only one telling it to the film audience.
2007-04-03 04:55 pm (UTC)
But some writers (such as Alan Moore) have been known to make it work.
The problem is that every writer or would-be writer out there thinks they're Alan Moore. And not Stan Lee.
Very interesting discussion. I come at it from the perspective of someone who writes and is interested in comic writing (and briefly wrote and lettered a web comic strip), but can't visualize for squat, so I have fear and loathing for giving visual direction to someone who damn sure better be able to picture things better than I. Indeed, I sigh at doing panel by panel scripting for exactly that reason. (The much-maligned Marvel Method always seems to me to have some merit, here. But hey, I've mostly done prose.)
I'd be interested to see what your ideal received script looks like.
MY ideal script would be mainly dialogue, without being broken up into panels, and only the barest info necessary to set the scene: the mood, the locale, time of day, etc. Like a film script.
If the writer opts to include extra details, as Alan Moore does, I'd prefer to see a disclaimer like the one he included with his Killing Joke script:
"As with all my visual suggestions, both here and in the panel descriptions below, please don't feel bound by them in any way. They're only meant as workable suggestions, so if you can see a better set of pictures than I can (which I'd say is quite likely, all things considered) then please feel free to throw out what I've come up with and substitute whatever you feel like."
This latter scenario is not my ideal, though, because (human nature being what it is) it's hard to imagine a writer sincerely not caring if you discard his suggestions. Let's face it: if we wrote the descriptions, in our heart of hearts we'd like to see those details show up in the final work. The writer may assure the artist that she's at liberty to do what she deems best, but I think we've all been in situations where someone extended gracious hospitality, only to withdraw it at the first signs of friction or inconvenience! ("It's just a gift -- really -- no strings attached!" Until....) So I view the "discard my suggestions as you will" assurance with a jaundiced eye; I prefer to enter a collaboration with fewer implied commitments.
But that's me wishing on a star. In most cases, descriptions are not only offered but are often binding, and as a professional I can live with that. I'm just talkin'...
In your case, as a writer, you'll need to assess how skilled a given artist is at telling a story. If you don't know who the artist will be, or if you suspect the artist will go "off the ranch," then include detailed panel-by-panel descriptions, and only let her depart from them if she convinces you her version will work better. But by all means, thumbnail your descriptions in little drawings beforehand, with lettering, to insure that what you're describing will actually read well.
But, like, that example of Jan looking like she's fisting her own ass in panel 1 doesn't really need to be drawn that way. Instead of her bum being placed against the right side of the panel she could just be crouching down, bending her knees more, in both instances so that her bum is against the bottom of the panel.
And I'm confused. Why IS the example of seeing Jan in close-up, over Gary's left shoulder hard to draw? I can do that.
If her butt were against the bottom of the panel, it could look like she was sitting on the panel border. And other tangencies could result in the panels beneath her -- she could look like she were giving birth to a ceiling lamp, for instance.
Or, it could work fine. But the purpose of the example was to show how tangencies work, not to provide an airtight, tangency-MUST-occur scenario. The point is that tangencies exist and must be compensated for, and that they're easier to avoid when the artist is given greater freedom. The more options open to the artist, the less twisting around he must do to make the scene work well. It's like cooking: a chef may succeed with few ingredients, but his chances of success are greater the more ingredients he has available.
Seeing Jan in close-up, over Gary's left shoulder, would be hard to draw in a situation when the scene would work better some other way. For instance, an ideal arrangement might be struck around showing Jan over Gary's right shoulder, depending upon their speaking order throughout the scene, or upon what must be visible (or invisible) to us in the background, or upon where a third party will sit upon joining them later, or upon their ideal poses, or our relation to the action line, etc. If we're not locked in to that over-Gary's-left-shoulder close-up, various possibilities are open to us which may be better for the scene.
Well said. I'm glad I was linked to this. It kind of dovetails with something I'm posting at Comics Should Be Good today. Sorry some folks took this personally.
I think this is an interesting view point. I'm a cartoonist. I live with a writer. When I ask for help with a concept he gives me a "cinematic" scene, and then I spend a lot of time explaining why that won't work in the context of the story. On the other hand, when I read stories, I almost always see them played out in my head in sequential art form or (god forbid) animated sequences. I can't write a prose piece. I can create a comic book narrative. It really helps if the artist and writer come together over the story with equal input. Case in point, the Guy Fawkes masque in V for Vendetta is attributed to the artist drawing the story and Moore says explicitly that he gave no visual direction in the script... and look how well that turned out! Writers write, artists draw/paint. That is the way it should be.
(Found my way here via Comics reporter, sorry for foisting my opinion upon your thread, you not knowing me, etc, but after reading some of the comments I felt compelled to weigh in)
No worries; everyone's welcome to chime in! Thanks for the comments.
2007-04-06 03:18 am (UTC)
Y'know, some writers are inept when it comes to art, and some artists are inept when it comes to story. I've seen scripts that were virtually impossible to draw/animate as written, and I've seen artists screw up what should be ridiculously obvious story points.
I've told artists to call or e-mail if they have a question or want to do something differently than the way it's scripted. 9 out of 10 times I have no problem letting them do it their way so long as it makes sense (the rare exceptions being when we need a specific set up for a later story point).
I've also had artists do absolute headscratchers on me without checking first. I'm not talking silly but understandable mistakes (such as a storyboard artist who took too literally a reference to a character "sticking his oar in the water" during a multi-participant argument) but deliberate radical re-interpretations of a scene or sequence just because they didn't want to do it in the most obvious (and easiest for the reader/viewer to understand) manner.
Steven Grant has a famous story about an artist on a Marvel book he once wrote, who in the middle of a time travel sequence to the French Revolution stuck in a dinosaur "just 'cuz I felt like drawing a dinosaur."
Conversely, Mark Evanier has mentioned a well known Golden Age artist who could not draw on a blank piece of paper: The challenge of coming up with an image on his own was too daunting for him. Hand him a rough scribble and he might erase it and do it differently, but he would be doing so in response to somebody else's visual idea, not creating something on his own.
Writers should tell their stories -- dialog and scene descriptions -- in as few words as possible. They should try to craft those descriptions in such a way that the artist is forced to think of the scene the way the writer sees it. A simple slugline like "LOOKING PAST JOHN TO JANE COMING THROUGH THE DOOR" is a lot more efficient than "Medium close up of John in the foreground as Jane walks through the door in the background in a full shot."
Artists should be as creative as possible without mucking up the flow of the story. When it doubt, unless the artist is the key creator on the work and everything revolves around him/her, story clarity should come first.
"who in the middle of a time travel sequence to the French Revolution stuck in a dinosaur 'just 'cuz I felt like drawing a dinosaur.'"
*lol* Reminds me of a script I wrote in which three guys are being attacked by a mastodon. My script said they were supposed to look terrified, but the initial artist drew one of them musing thoughtfully, with a steaming stack of pancakes pictured over his head!
I called the editor and insisted he re-draw it, but he didn't, so he was replaced. (Nice guy, though!)
"a well known Golden Age artist who could not draw on a blank piece of paper:"
Ah, Mort Meskin. Great artist. But yeah, I guess he was intimidated by the holiness of the blank page.
Someone Googled my cred after reading this blog, noticed I illustrated a graphic novel by Derek Kirk Kim, and asked,"He’s not complaining about working with Derek Kirk Kim is he????"
So let me hasten to add, for the record, that Derek's a great visual storyteller. (Though anyone who's read his comics doesn't need me to tell them that!) In the book we did, if he wanted something specific, he'd thumbnail it in detail and thereby avoid the pitfalls I described on my blog. He wrote a great story and I think readers are in for a treat.
2007-04-11 07:29 pm (UTC)
Derek is the dreamiest boy ever.
I drawed a picture of him and me gettin' married.